Posts Tagged ‘empleo’

European solar thermal industry provides over 40,000 full-time jobs

16/07/2009

The European Solar Thermal Industry Federation (ESTIF) has published its latest statistics on the solar thermal market in Europe, demonstrating that this €3 billion market provides over 40,000 full-time jobs in Europe where the industry has forged a clear technological lead in generating solar heating and cooling.

FUENTE – Renewable Energy Magazine – 15/07/09

Solar thermal creates economic benefits on two different levels: it reduces the costs associated with burning imported fossil fuels or using electricity for heating and cooling, while also creating jobs and economic wealth in the production, marketing and installation of solar thermal systems.

The European solar thermal industry grew by over 60% to 3.3 GWth of new capacity (4.75 thousand square metres of collector area). While much of the market is in one- and two-family houses, demand by housing companies, office building operators and other commercial users is increasing significantly. Last year, the total annual turnover of the European solar thermal industry exceeded the €3 billion mark. A major slice of this turnover comes from local SMEs, through selling, planning, installing and servicing solar thermal systems. Today, solar thermal already provides the equivalent of 40,000 full-time jobs in Europe (approximately one full-time job per 80 kWth of newly installed capacity).

“We replace imported fuels with local jobs,” explains ESTIF President Olivier Drücke. “Solar thermal has a strong local dimension, it supports domestic economies, and created jobs are mostly for the long-term.”

European manufacturers have taken the technological lead in the international solar thermal sector during the past 20 years. Nowhere has the technology been developed further than in Europe. Collectors and products are usually tested against strict European Standards (EN 12975 for collectors and EN 12976 for factory-made systems). Many non-European countries are looking to adopt similar standards and the successful Solar Keymark certification scheme which ensures that a product complies with the EN standards.

“It is now time for Europeans to enact decidedly supportive policies and framework conditions for renewable heating and cooling throughout Europe to unlock the tremendous domestic energy potentials that all countries have natural access to,” says ESTIF President Olivier Drücke.

La Fabricación De Las Energías Renovables Y El Empleo En Los Países En Desarrollo

16/06/2009

Fabricantes de aerogeneradores Occidental es poco probable que se beneficien de los contratos de aerogeneradores chinos, según Reuters. Hay informes de quejas sobre la “localización” normas y preferencia por un chino turbinas con capacidad de 1GW y por encima tiene el efecto de favorecer a empresas chinas.

FUENTE – dforcesolar – 15/06/09

En una recesión económica proteccionista sentimiento tiende a aumentar, y las energías renovables, la industria no es la excepción. Hay informes de la industria de la preocupación de que los fabricantes chinos tendrán un papel cada vez mayor en el suministro de equipos renovables para el oeste, también.

Si bien la inversión en energías renovables sufrido en algunos de los países más ricos del mundo el año pasado, que está prosperando en el BRIC. China se está convirtiendo en un gran consumidor de energía renovable: el año pasado agregó más capacidad de energía solar que cualquier otro país bar los EE.UU., y ha superado a Japón como el mayor fabricante de componentes PV. También se informó de la introducción de una tarifa preferencial para los servicios públicos por el poder que proviene de los servicios públicos. Pero también es lograr un rápido crecimiento en la capacidad de fabricación de paneles solares y componentes de turbinas de viento.

Una subvención para la fabricación de energía solar se anunció en marzo, con el objetivo de crecimiento de puestos de trabajo. Y es este tipo de esfuerzo que podría ser el problema para todas las medidas verdes de estímulo en los países desarrollados, con su adjunto esperanzas de empleos verdes.

Una nueva energía Finanzas / Programa de las Naciones Unidas de Medio Ambiente informe demuestra cómo la inversión de energía renovable en los países en desarrollo creció el año pasado, aun cuando se redujo en los países más ricos. Los países desarrollados las inversiones cayeron un 1,7 por ciento, que el informe atribuye a difícil entorno crediticio, mientras que creció un 27 por ciento en los países en desarrollo, para dar cuenta de casi un tercio de las inversiones globales:

Sobre una base regional, la inversión en Europa en 2008 fue de $ 49,7 mil millones, un aumento del 2%, y en América del Norte fue de $ 30,1 mil millones, una caída del 8%.

China llevó nuevas inversiones en Asia, con un aumento del 18% en 2007 a $ 15,6 mil millones, principalmente en nuevos proyectos eólicos, y algunas plantas de biomasa.

Inversión en la India creció un 12% a $ 4.1 mil millones en 2008. Brasil realizó casi todas las inversiones en energía renovable en América Latina en 2008, con el etanol de recibir $ 10.8 millones, un 76% a partir de 2007. África logró un aumento modesto en comparación con las inversiones hasta un 10% a aproximadamente $ 1,1 mil millones.

¿Qué significa esto para los países como Alemania, cuyas subvenciones de células solares fotovoltaicas, al menos en parte fueron destinados a crear puestos de trabajo?

“El mundo entero ha sido, en cierta medida, produciendo para el mercado alemán,” un alto político alemán dijo el FT. “Nos preocupa que el consumidor alemán de la electricidad es subvencionar la producción extranjera”.

The Economic Reach of Wind

20/04/2009

The wind industry creates jobs across multiple sectors and lures still more from overseas — and the numbers are there to show it.

FUENTE – Renewable Energy World – 17/04/09

In the current economic climate, we are confronted with daily reminders of dwindling demand for products and escalating job losses that are impacting many American industries. Yet in this unsure time characterized by factories closing their doors and laying off workers, the wind industry continues to shine as a testimony to American innovation and manufacturing might.

Across the U.S. economy in 2008, nearly 2.6 million jobs were lost; while wind industry growth alone of course did not singlehandedly counteract the losses, it did counter the negative trend. And better still, some of those companies that had laid off workers are already hiring some of them back.

This trend is illustrated by the numbers: as the U.S. economy hemorrhaged jobs in 2008, the wind industry enjoyed 70% job growth — growth that supported a 60% surge in new wind capacity installation over 2007. The wind industry installed 8,358 MW last year, which accounted for roughly 40% of all new electricity capacity. This incredible growth led to the addition of around 35,000 new jobs, creating a total of 85,000 people now employed in the wind industry. More impressive still, even though the new jobs were wind power jobs, they were added across myriad sectors, such as manufacturing, construction and operations, among others.

The wind power jobs story is also one of “on-shoring” (as opposed to offshoring). In 2008 a continued shift toward domestic production resulted in nine new facilities opening across the country and many more on the way. But manufacturing is merely one area of wind’s job creation.

The Growing Supply Chain

On the manufacturing side, the job creation starts at the very beginning of the supply chain — natural resources — and continues through to the assembled turbine. The installation of 8,358 MW of wind translates to around 5,000 turbines erected in 2008, creating enormous demand for both raw materials and finished components. Approximately 8,000 components make up a single utility-scale wind turbine; materials range from the high-tech composites used to make light and aerodynamic blades, to the symbolic mainstay material of old industry, steel, which accounts for around 90% of a turbine’s weight.

In the past, the U.S. wind industry relied largely on imported components; however, there has been a remarkable shift towards domestic manufacturing in the past few years that is likely to continue. Since 2005 many of the leaders in turbine manufacturing have opened U.S. facilities; of the top 10 global suppliers in 2007, seven — Vestas, GE, Gamesa, Suzlon, Siemens, Acciona, and Nordex — have an American manufacturing presence. (The other three — Enercon, Goldwind, and Sinovel — do not yet sell into the U.S. market.) In addition, the homegrown Clipper Windpower has joined GE Energy as a major domestic player in the production of utility-scale turbines, with the two companies together capturing 50% of the 2008 domestic market.

Domestic manufacturing for large components in particular, such as towers and blades, has increased significantly over the past several years, with the majority now produced in the U.S. As for the thousands of smaller and midsized components, while the U.S. continues to import some of them (mostly from Europe) many more can now be sourced from American companies.

Once again, the numbers tell the story: between 2005 and 2008, the percentage of domestically produced components in a turbine increased from around 30% to nearly 50%, based on cost. Continuing that trend, nacelle components will increasingly be produced domestically.

This trend has resulted in well over 100 companies now producing components for wind turbines, employing thousands of workers in the manufacture of parts as varied as towers, composite blades, bearings and gears. Thus, many existing companies in traditional manufacturing states have retooled to enter the wind industry and produce components for the green economy. Their manufacturing facilities are spread across 40 states, employing workers from the Southeast to the Steel Belt, to the Great Plains and on to the Pacific Northwest.

And with plans for 30 new manufacturing facilities announced in 2008, the wind industry expects to see a continued shift towards domestic manufacturing in the coming years. In total, 70 manufacturing facilities have come online, been expanded, or announced since January 2007. Yet although enhanced manufacturing capacity and associated jobs are part of the foundation for a strong U.S. wind industry and contribute to strengthening the U.S. economy, wind jobs reach far beyond component production.

With those 8,300-plus MW of wind installed at over 100 different wind projects in 2008, many construction workers found work in the wind industry. Wind project construction jobs are often a blend of specialized wind industry construction companies and management that work alongside local construction companies near the wind project site. In 2008 alone, approximately 8,000 construction workers were needed for the many aspects of wind farm construction, including those for building access roads, securing turbine foundations that typically use 900 tons of steel-reinforced concrete, erecting towers made of up to 300 tons of steel plate, and driving massive cranes to secure 100-ton nacelles and rotors to towers. Given that new wind projects came online in over 25 different states in 2008, these construction jobs were widely distributed across the country.

Another area that saw inevitable job growth was in operation and maintenance, or O&M. With the 2008 capacity addition, the U.S. now has over 25,000 MW of wind in the ground, all of which must be operated and maintained. Wind turbines are massive and complex machines, and skilled workers are needed to keep them running for 20 years or more. In 2008 approximately 800 “wind technicians” joined the existing 1,600 workers in long-term, full-time jobs operating and maintaining the nation’s wind turbine fleet.

In addition to such positions, the wind installations completed at over 100 wind projects in 2008 were possible only with the participation of thousands of highly skilled workers across varied professions to work in the areas of site assessment, permitting, siting, developing, financing and electric grid interconnection.

Finally, the entry of 35,000 new employees within a single year into the various facets of wind energy has continued to make training a key focus of the industry. At the end of 2008, over 100 different educational institutions offered or were developing programs for wind and renewable energy, ranging from certificate programs and two-year associate’s degrees to bachelor’s and graduate degrees. For example, the specialized wind technician jobs require months and sometimes years of training in a wide range of areas including hydraulics, electronics, safety, and troubleshooting. In addition to having to possess this valuable skill set, workers must use such skills at heights of 250 feet in the air, either on top of the turbine in the elements or inside the nacelle, which is the size of a relatively small office.

Strong Net Gains

Now in 2009, announcements of job losses in various industries have become a familiar part of daily media reports – yet bright spots continue to shine through in the form of more news of new jobs in wind, even during the first few months of this year. Not surprisingly, the wind industry is not entirely insulated from a declining economy, and some companies in fact have announced job losses following short-term industry challenges such as increased difficulty financing projects due to the banking credit crisis and the devaluation of the production tax credit (enough companies need to be earning a profit and paying taxes in order to utilize such credits).

Still, net growth in wind power remains in the double digits-even in the face of an economic downturn that has hit manufacturing (and even construction) hardest. Across the U.S. economy in 2008, nearly 2.6 million jobs were lost; while wind industry growth alone of course did not singlehandedly counteract the losses, it did counter the negative trend. And better still, some of those companies that had laid off workers are already hiring some of them back.

Only a Demo

While 35,000 jobs is clearly nothing to sneeze at, perhaps just as important is that the job numbers the industry produced in 2008 serves as a telling indicator of potential. Last year the wind industry demonstrated its remarkable potential for both generation capacity growth and job creation. Investing in the wind industry creates a new engine for the nation’s economy, driving growth in manufacturing, supporting construction jobs, and promoting economic development; thus, its potential cannot be ignored.

The wind industry can and will continue to grow, given a stable policy environment that levels the playing field for all generating sources. Legislators have the power to ensure continued expansion of wind power and jobs though a national renewable electricity standard (RES) and legislation to create a national transmission system that accesses the nation’s vast renewable energy resource. As shown in a 2008 Department of Energy report, policies that will help the U.S. reach 20% wind penetration by 2030 will create at least 500,000 jobs in our economy; all that is needed is a signal that we are ready and willing to make this commitment.

 

Author: E. Salerno & J. Isaacs

Las energías renovables crearán más de 100.000 empleos en Andalucía

24/03/2009

Las energías renovables generarán más de 100.000 empleos en la región dado el actual ritmo de creación de pequeñas y medianas empresas en el sector, que en el último cuatrienio han pasado de 250 a un millar en Andalucía.

FUENTE – Ecoticias – 23/03/09

El consejero de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Francisco Vallejo, avanzó hoy que las previsiones que maneja el Gobierno andaluz apuntan a que, en el horizonte 2009-2013, las energías renovables generarán más de 100.000 empleos en la región dado el actual ritmo de creación de pequeñas y medianas empresas en el sector, que en el último cuatrienio han pasado de 250 a un millar en Andalucía.

    Durante su intervención junto a la ministra del ramo, Cristina Garmendia, con quien compartió hoy visita a las instalaciones de la Plataforma Solar de Almería, en Tabernas, y el chat con los ciudadanos sobre el PlanE, Vallejo se mostró optimista con respecto al futuro de la aplicación industrial de este tipo de energías si bien reconoció cierta afección de la actual crisis económica que, a su juicio, paliarán planes de apoyo como el fondo estatal a través de la “inyección de liquidez”.

    Al hilo de esto, subrayó la importancia de la red de investigadores en esta materia de la que goza la comunidad autónoma con 150 grupos, según reveló, al tiempo que resaltó el millar de profesionales que ya emplean las energías renovables en una trama de empresas que general “empleo de gran nivel” y contribuyen a crear “un modelo y empleo alternativos” a aquello que ha provocado “la crisis” con poco diversificación y una dependencia excesiva de la construcción.

    El citado modelo, capaz a juicio de Vallejo de desencadenar una “auténtica revolución industrial” gracias a una “materia prima abundante y gratuita” como el sol, es lo que desde la Junta de Andalucía se va a impulsar con iniciativas como el Centro Tecnológico de Energías Renovables, para el que –anunció– ya se han adquirido “los primeros 25.000 metros cuadrados” y se han iniciado los trámites para comprar hasta diez millones de metros cuadrados en aras de que, en “pocos años”, “pueda competir perfectamente con la energía tradicional”.

    En esta línea, el titular andaluz de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa hizo referencia a la necesidad de que la crisis energética, de fondo en el contexto económico actual, no se esconda bajo el “paraguas” de ésta pese al descenso “coyuntural” del precio del petróleo y la real “falta de alternativa” como fuente energética, que ha reabierto el debate sobre la de origen nuclear que, a su juicio, no soluciona ni la dependencia del exterior que supone, ni su insostenibilidad en el tiempo, ni ayuda a “combatir el cambio climático”.

2.65M in Solar and Wind Jobs by 2018?

11/03/2009

 

A new report from Clean Edge says that the solar and wind power industries will create 2.65 million jobs worldwide over the next decade, up from about 600,000 today. But despite the group’s sunny long-term outlook, 2009 will likely see renewable energy investment decline or stay flat.

solar-jobs

FUENTE – Greentechmedia – 10/03/09

Economic turmoil may bring green energy’s record-setting growth rate to a screeching halt in 2009, but the long-term trends for greener power will make solar and wind major employers over the next decade.

Those are some conclusions from the “Clean Energy Trends 2009” report released Tuesday by Portland, Ore.-based research firm Clean Edge.

The report projected that jobs in the solar and wind energy industries will more than quadruple over the next decade, from about 600,000 today to 2.65 million in 2018.

Those jobs will be linked to what Clean Edge predicted will be a $325 billion solar, wind and biofuel industry by 2018, the report predicted.

But first, renewable energy will have to face a year of flat or declining growth, the report predicted.

“Some have called clean energy the mother of all markets,” Ron Pernick, Clean Edge co-founder and principal, said in a Tuesday morning conference call. “But the transition won’t be easy in the most dire economic landscape since the Great Depression.”

While global revenues for the solar, wind and biofuel industries grew from about $75.8 billion in 2007 to $115.9 billion in 2008, Pernick expects this year to see no growth or a slight decline in revenues.

That’s par for the course amongst green energy predictions, given that the collapse of global credit markets and the deepening recession have dried up capital for large-scale power projects.

That crunch will likely lead to many solar startups canceling projects or seeing them absorbed by larger, better-funded competitors, said Clean Edge’s Joel Makower he pointed to the example of startup OptiSolar, which had its 1.85 gigawatts of solar power projects under development taken over by thin-film solar module market leader First Solar last week (see  First Solar Buys OptiSolar’s Power Projects).

“A lot of companies came on to the market, with bold and audacious goals,” he said. Those companies “aren’t going away, but they’ve certainly gotten more humble.”

Of course, the massive stimulus package signed into law last month will help renewable power developers weather the storm, as will changes to energy policy late last year that opened up renewable energy tax credits to utilities, Pernick said (see PG&E to Get Solar Power for the First Time).

But all that government spending – including $11 billion for “smart grid” projects, $6 billion in loan guarantees for renewable energy projects and $20 billion in tax incentives and credits for renewable energy, plug-in electric vehicles and energy efficiency – won’t reverse the damage being done by the lack of debt and equity financing, only mitigate it, he said.

In the meantime, fields to watch this year include so-called “smart grid” technologies to outfit electricity distribution grids with two-way communications to sense and control energy use from utilities to end users, as well as new technologies to store electricity from intermittent renewable sources, Clean Edge’s Clint Wilder said (see For 2009, It’s All About Smart Grid and Storage).

Here’s the report by the numbers:

$115.9 billion. That’s the total amount of venture capital, project finance, public and research and development investment aimed at energy technologies worldwide in 2008, according to New Energy Finance. That’s a 4.7 percent increase from 2007’s $148.4 billion – and a big drop in growth from 2007’s 60 percent growth rate, demonstrating the effects that the economic downturn had in the last half of last year.

11.84 percent. That’s the share of total global venture capital investment that went to clean energy companies in 2008, the highest percentage ever, according to New Energy Finance. The firm said $3.35 billion went to clean energy investments in 2008 out of $28.3 billion in total investments, up from $2.67 billion in 2007 out of a total of $29.4 billion.

$139.1 billion. That’s how much Clean Edge expects the wind power industry to bring in revenues by 2018, up from about $51.4 billion in 2008.

$105.4 billion. That’s the equivalent revenue figure projected for biofuels by 2018, up from $34.8 billion last year.

$80.6 billion. That’s the 2018 revenue projection for solar power, up from $29.4 billion in 2008.

 

 

Author: J. St. John

El sector de las renovables andaluz demandará más de cien mil trabajadores en los próximos cinco años

10/03/2009

Lo dice la Asociación de Promotores y Productores de Energías Renovables de Andalucía (Aprean), que acaba de presentar, junto a la Consejería de Empleo del gobierno andaluz, nueve cursos gratuitos “destinados a desempleados andaluces y trabajadores, asalariados y autónomos del sector de las energías limpias, agua e industrias extractivas”.

FUENTE – Energías-Renovables – 09/03/09

Las energías renovables representan actualmente, según Aprean, “una importante fuente de generación de empleo en la comunidad andaluza, donde hay una demanda de más de 105.000 empleados especializados durante los cinco años”. Por ello, la asociación ha promovido, en colaboración con la Junta de Andalucía, nueve cursos que serán impartidos por el Instituto de Investigaciones Ecológicas y se desarrollarán en la modalidad “a distancia”, por lo que no será necesario realizar ningún desplazamiento durante el periodo de formación.

El programa formativo ha sido elaborado –informa Aprean– “teniendo en cuenta la situación actual del mercado de las energías renovables en Andalucía, con una apuesta decidida por la tecnología termoeléctrica ante la previsión de gran crecimiento de esta energía en nuestra comunidad”. A la vez, se analizarán, añade la asociación, “los posibles desarrollos de energía eólica offshore en el litoral, las nuevas tecnologías aplicables a los modernos aerogeneradores multimegavatio, la utilización de la biomasa para usos térmicos y eléctricos y la producción de biocombustibles de segunda generación, que no compiten con las cadenas alimenticias y además ofrecen mayores rendimientos que los tradicionales”.

Según Aprean, los sistemas solares tradicionales, fotovoltaicos y térmicos serán estudiados “en detalle y con casos prácticos de aplicación a distintos emplazamientos y usos, analizando la nueva legislación por la que se regula su funcionamiento”. El programa se completa con el análisis del mercado eléctrico español y acciones formativas relacionadas con las habilidades directivas y el conocimiento del idioma inglés.

Todos los cursos

Los títulos de los cursos, con su duración y números de plazas, son los siguientes: cursos de energía eólica terrestre y marina (110 horas; 55 plazas), energía solar fotovoltaica y térmica de baja temperatura (110 horas; 55 plazas), energía termoeléctrica (100 horas; 33 plazas), gestión de biomasa y producción de biocombustibles (100 horas; 24 plazas), generación de energía y mercado eléctrico (90 horas; 16 plazas), sistemas energéticos basados en el hidrógeno (70 horas; 13 plazas), negociación y habilidades directivas (75 horas; 15 plazas), inglés intermedio (120 horas lectivas; 30 plazas) e inglés avanzado (120 horas; 20 plazas).

La reserva de plazas para cada curso se realizará por riguroso orden de inscripción. Los alumnos recibirán un certificado acreditativo expedido por la Asociación de Promotores y Productores de Energías Renovables de Andalucía en colaboración con el Servicio Andaluz de Empleo. El presidente de Aprean, Mariano Barroso, ha resaltado que “la puesta en marcha de estos cursos se produce en un momento idóneo en el que confluye la necesidad del sector por contar con trabajadores especializados con la aún más urgente necesidad de creación de puestos de trabajo que tenemos en nuestra sociedad”.

La energía solar generará millones de empleos en Brasil

09/03/2009

Muy privilegiado por la alta incidencia de insolación en su territorio y por las reservas de quarzo para la producción de silicio grado solar, utilizado en los paneles solares, Brasil está en buenas condiciones para generar energía eléctrica hasta la mitad de siglo, según el Estudio Prospectivo para Energía Fotovoltaica, del Centro de Gestión y Estudios Estratégicos (CGEE).

pan-de-azucar

FUENTE – Centro de Gestión y Estudios Estratégicos (CGEE) –  25/02/2009 

Brasil tiene alto potencial para consolidarse como uno de los principales líderes en el sector de energía solar, una alternativa de bajo impacto ambiental que generará millones de empleos en Brasil en los próximos años. Según organismos internacionales, el mundo necesitará 37 millones de profesionales para actuar en el sector de energía renovable hasta 2030. 

A fin de alcanzar la posición de líder, Brasil deberá implementar acciones como modernizar laboratorios, integrar centros de referencia e invertir en desarrollo de tecnología para obtener energía solar fotovoltaica a bajo coste. Además, necesitará establecer un programa de distribución de energía con sistemas que conecten casas, empresas, industria y edificios públicos. Actualmente, Brasil está situado en décimo lugar en el ranking mundial de producción de energía, y no necesariamente necesita mejorar su posición en dicha lista. “La manera de ver el sector está cambiando”, afirma Rafael Shayani, consultor del estudio. “La tendencia es valorar a aquellos que utilicen la energía de la manera más eficiente, con el mínimo desperdicio y de manera ecológicamente correcta”.

La eficiencia es parte de las recomendaciones preliminares del Comité de Coordinación del Estudio. Entre dichas recomendaciones, el grupo destaca la necesidad de crear políticas de desarrollo tecnológico, con inversiones en investigación del silicio grado solar y sistemas fotovoltaicos. 

La primera fase del trabajo ha concluido que hay necesidad de fomentar el desarrollo de una industria nacional de equipamientos de sistemas productivos con alta integración, además de incentivar la implantación de un programa de desarrollo industrial. Asimismo, el Comité recomienda la formación de profesionales para instalar, operar y mantener los sistemas fotovoltaicos.